Who should get a prostate cancer screening and how often?
Discuss your prostate cancer risk with your health care provider and make an informed decision about whether you should be screened.
Who should be screened:
- Men at average risk should be screened starting at age 50.
- High-risk men (African-American men) should be screened at 45.
- Men with more than one first-degree relative with prostate cancer at a young age should start screening at age 40.
Screening is performed using a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test, with or without a digital rectal exam (DRE).
What causes prostate cancer?
Men who are at a higher risk:
- Eat a diet high in red meat and high-fat dairy
- Are obese
- Use tobacco
- Are heavy alcohol users
- Are older (risk increases sharply after age 45)
- Are African-American
- Are from North America or of a northwestern European nationality
- Have a family history of prostate cancer or have inherited DNA changes or gene mutations
- Have higher levels of testosterone
- Have an infection and inflammation of the prostate gland
Prostate cancer symptoms can sometimes include:
- Frequent urination, particularly at night
- Pain during orgasm
- Blood in the urine