Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes—once known as juvenile diabetes—is usually diagnosed in children and young adults but can begin in adults. If you have type 1 diabetes, your body doesn’t produce insulin, or produces very little insulin, so you will need insulin injections.

In type 1 diabetes, the immune system mistakenly destroys the beta cells in your pancreas that make insulin. Your body actually treats these cells as foreign invaders and attacks them. The destruction could occur over weeks, months, or years. When enough cells have been destroyed, your pancreas either stops making insulin, or makes too little. That missing insulin must be replaced, or you could go into a coma and possibly die.

Symptoms that indicate type 1 diabetes.

Frequent urination

Urinating a lot (as the body tries to flush out excess glucose in the blood)

Excessive thirst

Feeling very thirsty (due to dehydration)

Frequent hunger

Feeling hungry all the time (because the cells of the body are starved for energy)

Extreme fatigue

Feeling tired (because the glucose is not entering your cells and being converted to energy)

Blurred vision

Blurred vision (because of a buildup of fluid in the lens of your eyes caused by high blood glucose levels)

Sudden change in weight

Losing weight suddenly with trying, even with increased appetite (because the body is not able to use the food you eat)

Nausea and vomiting

Nausea and vomiting (as a result of the buildup of ketones in the blood)

Medication to treat type 1 diabetes.

Unfortunately for people with type 1 diabetes, there’s no such thing as an insulin pill that can be swallowed. Liquid insulin must be injected into the body using a syringe, an insulin pen, or an insulin pump. Less than 5 percent of American have type 1 diabetes. And at this time, its exact cause remains unknown. It is not contagious and it is not caused by eating sugar.

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