Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the more common type of diabetes. With type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t use insulin properly.
It is either insulin-resistant—which in turn makes your pancreas cells produce more to make up for it—or it doesn’t produce enough insulin to keep your blood glucose normal. In both cases, the glucose levels are not normal. There’s no cure for type 2 diabetes, but it can be treated with oral medications and/or insulin. Some people are fortunate that they can control their blood glucose through diet and exercise. But regardless of whether people treat their condition with medication or insulin or not, anyone with type 2 diabetes can manage their condition better by eating well, exercising, and maintaining a healthy weight.
Unlike type 1 diabetes, which has no known cause, the development of type 2 diabetes is associated with several risk factors.
Risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
- History of hyperclycemia, prediabetes, and/or gestational diabetes
- Overweight and obesity
- Family history
- Race and ethnicity
- High blood pressure
- Abnormal cholesterol
Are you at risk?
A free and easy online test from the American Diabetes Association can help assess your risk for type 2 diabetes and could save your life. See if you are at risk .
Medications that treat type 2 diabetes.
While smart meal planning, weight loss, and exercise are essential in bringing blood glucose levels back to a healthy range, they are often not enough. The next step is taking medication. Your doctor will decide which medication is right for you based on your lifestyle, your physical condition, your response to the medication, and your insurance coverage.
Currently there are 9 oral medications that work in different ways to lower blood glucose, 5 available types of insulin, and 2 more types of injectable medications.
You and your doctor can discuss and decide which one or ones may be right for you.