A screening can detect colon cancer.
There are two types of screenings that can detect colon cancer. A colonoscopy — a painless screening beginning at age 45 — can find polyps that can lead to cancer and remove them on the spot. A FIT test — performed at home — can also detect colon cancer.
What causes colon cancer?
Men and women who are at greater risk for colon cancer:
- Eat a diet high in red and processed meats
- Have Type 2 diabetes
- Have a history of colon cancer
- Are obese
- Are age 45 or older
- Have a history of inflammatory bowel disease
- Are African American
- Have a history of ulcerative colitis
- Are a man who has 15 or more alcoholic drinks per week or a woman who has 8 or more alcoholic drinks per week.
- Have a history of colorectal adenomatous polyps
- Have a history of Crohn’s disease
People are being diagnosed younger than age 45.
Most ignored their symptoms and were diagnosed at a late stage, when cancer is difficult to treat.
People younger than 45
You have a greater risk of being diagnosed at a younger age if you:
- Have relatives diagnosed with colon cancer
- Have diabetes
- Have inflammatory bowel disease
- Are obese (20 or more pounds overweight)
- Have been diagnosed with Lynch syndrome
- Drink more sweetened beverages and less milk
- Are African American
- Eat processed meats
Colon cancer symptoms
These symptoms could indicate you have colon cancer:
- Unexplained rectal bleeding
- Blood in the stool
- Weakness and fatigue
- Unexplained weight loss
- Abdominal pain
- Recent and persistent changes in bowel habits
- Iron-deficiency anemia
- A constant feeling that you need to have a bowel movement
Types of colon cancer screenings:
This painless screening can find potentially cancerous polyps and remove them on the spot.
You can use a test kit at home to collect a sample of your stool and send it to a lab for testing.
There are two ways to get help to quit smoking from specially trained counselors: Call the Delaware Quitline by phone at 1-866-409-1858 or visit QuitSupport.com.Learn more
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