Don’t ignore cancer’s warning signs.

No screenings are available to detect certain types of cancer.

That’s why it’s important for you to be aware of any changes in your body — pain or other signs — that could mean a problem is developing. If you have symptoms, you should talk with your health care provider about them. Not every sign is serious. But finding cancer early, when it’s most treatable, can save your life.

Other Cancers

Warning signs and symptoms of bladder cancer:
  • Blood in the urine (the most common symptom)
  • Frequent urination
  • Pain while urinating
  • Back pain
  • Pelvic pain
Risk factors:
  • A family history of bladder cancer
  • Certain gene mutations (unusual changes that occur when your body’s cells are dividing)
  • Overexposure to certain workplace chemicals, such as those used in processing paint, dye, metal, and petroleum products
  • Taking some kinds of chemotherapy drugs
  • Drinking well water contaminated with arsenic
  • Taking the Chinese herb Aristolochia fangchi
  • Having chronic urinary tract infections (including those caused by Schistosoma haematobium)
You can reduce your risk by:
Warning signs and symptoms of kidney and renal pelvis cancer:
  • A lump or mass in the kidney area or abdomen
  • Blood in the urine
  • Lower-back pain or pain in the side that doesn’t go away
  • Feeling tired often
  • Fever that keeps coming back
  • Loss of appetite
  • Losing weight for no reason that you know of
  • Something blocking your bowels
  • A general feeling of poor health
You are more at risk if you:
  • Are obese
  • Have taken certain pain medicines for a long time
  • Have high blood pressure. It is not known whether the increased risk is due to high blood pressure itself or the medicines used to treat it.
  • Have certain genetic conditions including von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer, Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome, and hereditary papillary renal cancer
  • Have been exposed to the chemical called trichloroethylene, which is used to remove grease from metal
You can reduce your risk by:
  • Not smoking, or quitting if you do
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Eating healthy foods
  • Exercising
  • Being very careful if you use certain kinds of chemicals, especially trichloroethylene — which is used by workers in some jobs, like those who work with metals
Warning signs and symptoms of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma:
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Fever
  • Night sweats
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
You are more at risk if you:
  • Are older (risk increases with age)
  • Are Caucasian
  • Are a woman
  • Have Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • Have Epstein-Barr virus
  • Have been exposed to high levels of ionizing radiation
  • Have been exposed to herbicides and pesticides
Warning signs and symptoms of pancreatic cancer:
  • Jaundice (when your skin has a yellowish color) and related symptoms
  • Belly or back pain
  • Weight loss and poor appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Gallbladder or liver enlargement
  • Blood clots
  • Fatty tissue abnormalities
  • Diabetes
You are more at risk if you:
  • Smoke (smokers are twice as likely to develop pancreatic cancer)
  • Are a man
  • Are African-American
  • Are 65 years of age or older
  • Have diabetes
  • Have chronic pancreatitis
  • Have a family history of pancreatic cancer
You can reduce your risk by:
Warning signs and symptoms of uterine cancer:
  • Vaginal discharge or bleeding that is not normal. Bleeding may be abnormal because of how heavy it is (longer or heavier than normal) or when it happens, such as after you have gone through menopause or between periods.
  • Pain or pressure in your pelvis
You are more at risk if you:
  • Are 50 years of age or older
  • Are obese
  • Take estrogen by itself (without progesterone) for hormone-replacement therapy during menopause
  • Have had trouble getting pregnant or have had fewer than five periods in a year before starting menopause
  • Take the drug tamoxifen, which is used to treat certain types of breast cancer
  • Have close family members who have had uterine, colon, or ovarian cancer
You can reduce your risk by:
  • Using birth control pills
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Being physically active
  • Taking progesterone, if you are taking estrogen

Ask your health care provider about how often you should be checked for uterine cancer, especially if you think that you have factors that increase your chance of getting it.

Screenings:
  • Endometrial biopsy
  • Transvaginal ultrasound

Your health care provider might perform more tests if the endometrial biopsy does not provide enough information, or if symptoms continue.

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