Living with diabetes if you’ve been diagnosed

Following your diabetes treatment plan takes round-the-clock commitment. Careful management of diabetes can reduce your risk of serious—even life-threatening—complications.

No matter what type of diabetes you have:

Make a commitment to managing it.

Learn all you can about diabetes. Establish a relationship with a diabetes educator, and ask your diabetes treatment team for help when you need it.

Choose healthy foods and maintain a healthy weight.

Losing just 7 percent of your body weight if you're overweight can make a significant difference in your blood sugar control. A healthy diet is one with plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes, with a limited amount of saturated fat.

Make physical activity part of your daily routine.

Regular exercise can help prevent prediabetes and type 2 diabetes, or help those who already have diabetes to better control their blood sugar. Thirty minutes of moderate exercise—such as a brisk walk—is recommended. Exercise strengthens bones and the heart and reduces stress.

A combination of aerobic exercises, such as walking or dancing on most days, combined with resistance training, such as weightlifting or yoga twice a week, often helps control blood sugar more effectively than either type of exercise alone.

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